It’s difficult to find good information on ancient Egypt, especially online. It’s been the subject of crazy theories and wild speculation for almost 2,000 years. Here are some of my picks: (I’m giving links for both Amazon and Book Depository. I’ve bought from both. Sometimes Book Depository has lower prices, and they do free shipping worldwide – even for just one book.)


One source to avoid is the works of E A. Wallis Budge (1857-1934.) His books are in public domain, reprinted by Dover and others, and available on countless websites. Not only are they hopelessly obsolete (most were written before the discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922), they were also written with a Colonial audience in mind. Anxious to gain funding from wealthy aristocrats, he took great pains to present the Egyptians as proto-Christian monotheists, and called their magical practices ‘childish’!

Gods & Goddesses:

Ed Butler’s Henadology blog is a great source on the gods and goddesses of Egypt.

For Jackal deities, including Anubis and Wepwawet, your best source is Per-Sabu.

The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt by Richard Wilkinson is often recommended. Personally, I think he’s too quick to write many important deities off as unimportant. The organization by physical shape (human, mammal, reptile) makes it more difficult to use for some gods, because the same one may have multiple forms.
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The Literature of Ancient Egypt: An Anthology of Stories, Instructions, Stelae, Autobiographies, and Poetry, ed William Kelley Simpson. You can find the original Setna and the Mummies story, translated by Dr. Robert Ritner. This is probably the best English translation to date, and it’s got a great selection of other material:

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The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt by Toby Wilkenson. I’ve read a number of different general aE histories, and this one is the most interesting. You get the bad as well as the good, which is rare. Pharaohs weren’t strangers to spin and outright propaganda, so they describe their own deeds in glowing terms. His coverage of the Intermediate Periods is excellent too. Apparently they weren’t quite the “Human sacrifice, dogs and cats living together… mass hysteria! ” * that the restoration monuments make them out to be.
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